Who And What, The Ways To Make Information Question
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Setiap bahasa pasti punya kata tanya yang berfungsi untuk menanyakan sesuatu. Hal ini juga berlaku dalam bahasa ingris, dimana kata pertanyaan disebut sebagai “question word (QW).

A. The meaning function of who and what

  • Who artinya “siapa”, digunakan untuk menanyakan subject orang.
  • What artinya “apa”, digunakan untuk menanyakan subject benda.

B. The ways to make information question

1). Question word (yang tidak diikuti kata benda/diikuti kata benda tunggal) yang menanyakan subject baik orang/benda tidak usah mendatangkan auxiliary apabila terdiri dari simple present atau simple past tense dalam kalimat verbal.

a. Apabila terdiri dari simple present maka setelah QW (question word) memakai kata kerja bentuk pertama (Verb I) ditambah s/es (dianggap sebagai predicate dari subject bentuk ketiga tunggal).

  • They seduce a girl = Who seduces a girl?
  • The cats play there = What plays there?

b. Apabila terdiri dari simple past tense maka setelah QW langsung memakai kata kerja bentuk kedua (Verb II).

  • They seduced a girl = Who seduced a girl?
  • The cats played there = What played there?

2). Question word yang menanyakan subject apabila terdiri dari selain simple present dan simple past dalam kalimat verbal maka harus mendatangkan auxiliary dari subject ketiga tunggal.

  • She will appear on stage = who will appear on stage?
  • You are going to apply a job = who is going to apply a job?
  • He would celebrate his win = who would celebrate his win?
  • They are selecting in election = who is selecting in election?

3). Question word yang menanyakan subject baik orang/benda apabila terdiri dari kalimat nominal, maka harus mendatangkan auxiliary dari subject bentuk ketiga tunggal.

  • They are learned = who is learned?
  • You were cruel = who was cruel?
  • They will be annoyed = who will be annoyed?
  • We are going to be silly = who is going to be silly?
  • You would be a scholar = who would be a scholar?
  • They are being fair = who is being fair?

4). Question word yang menanyakan subject dalam kalimat Tanya negative maka harus mendatangkan negative auxiliary dari subject bentuk ketiga tunggal.

NO VERBAL NOMINAL
1. They don’t owe a lot of money

Who doesn’t owe a lot of money?

They aren’t here

Who isn’t here?

2. They didn’t owe a lot of money

Who didn’t owe a lot of money?

They weren’t here

Who wasn’t here?

3. They won’t owe a lot of money

Who won’t owe a lot of money?

They won’t be here

Who won’t be here?

4. They aren’t going to owe a lot of money

Who isn’t going to owe a lot of money?

They aren’t going to be here

Who isn’t going to be here?

5. They wouldn’t owe a lot of money

Who wouldn’t owe a lot of money?

They wouldn’t be here

Who wouldn’t be here?

6. They aren’t owing a lot of money

Who isn’t owing a lot of money?

They aren’t being here

Who isn’t being here?

C. The differentiation of what and who

Perbedaan kedua question word tersebut adalah who dipakai sebagai pronoun (tidak bisa diikuti oleh kata benda), sedangkan what bisa dipakai pronoun (tidak diikuti oleh kata benda), dan adjective (bisa diikuti oleh kata benda yang akan dijelaskan pada postingan berikutnya).

Persamaan who dan what adalah sama – sama bisa dipakai untuk menanyakan subject, nama jabatan. Adapun perbedaan who dan what ketika digunakan untuk menanyakan nama:

Who tidak perlu diikuti kata name, sedangkan what harus diikuti kata name

  • She is Rifqah : What is she?

: What is her name?

Sebagaimana akan dijelaskan di pada postingan selanjutnya.

D. Exercise

Make a suitable word with underlined words answer bellow!

  1. They have a group prayer
  2. The cats don’t overtake mice
  3. We are going to overcome this problem
  4. He will be here
  5. They are studying English
  6. They are going to be at school
  7. They bought many cars
  8. She will answer a lot of questions
  9. They would visit their brothers
  10. You would be in office

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